Human gene variant produces attention deficit disorder-like problems in mice

Journal Reference: Eryn Donovan, Cassandra Avila, Sarah Klausner, Vinay Parikh, Cristina Fenollar-Ferrer, Randy D. Blakely, Martin Sarter. Disrupted choline clearance and sustained acetylcholine release in vivo by a common choline transporter coding variant associated with poor attentional control in humans. The Journal of Neuroscience, 2022; JN-RM-1334-21 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1334-21.2022 The study, led by researchers from the … Read more

Zebra finch males sing in dialects and females pay attention

Journal Reference: Daiping Wang, Wolfgang Forstmeier, Damien R. Farine, Adriana A. Maldonado-Chaparro, Katrin Martin, Yifan Pei, Gustavo Alarcón-Nieto, James A. Klarevas-Irby, Shouwen Ma, Lucy M. Aplin, Bart Kempenaers. Machine learning reveals cryptic dialects that explain mate choice in a songbird. Nature Communications, 2022; 13 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-28881-w To us, bird song may just sound pretty. … Read more

Attention to objects in peripheral vision is not driven by tiny eye movements

Journal Reference: Gongchen Yu, James P Herman, Leor N Katz, Richard J Krauzlis. Microsaccades as a marker not a cause for attention-related modulation. eLife, 2022; 11 DOI: 10.7554/eLife.74168 Scientists working on the neuroscience of attention have recently become concerned that because both attention and eye movements, like microsaccades, involve the same groups of neurons in … Read more

Video game can identify attention deficit symptoms

Journal Reference: David Delgado-Gómez, Aaron Sújar, Juan Ardoy-Cuadros, Alejandro Bejarano-Gómez, David Aguado, Carolina Miguelez-Fernandez, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, Inmaculada Peñuelas-Calvo. Objective Assessment of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Using an Infinite Runner-Based Computer Game: A Pilot Study. Brain Sciences, 2020; 10 (10): 716 DOI: 10.3390/brainsci10100716 ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder with an estimated prevalence of 7.2% in children … Read more

How the brain’s blue spot helps us focus our attention

Journal Reference: Martin J. Dahl, Mara Mather, Markus Werkle-Bergner. Noradrenergic modulation of rhythmic neural activity shapes selective attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2022; 26 (1): 38 DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2021.10.009 Our attention fluctuates. Sometimes, we are distracted and things slip by our awareness, while at other times we can easily focus on what is important. Imagine you … Read more

Choline during pregnancy impacts children’s sustained attention

Journal Reference: Charlotte L. Bahnfleth, Barbara J. Strupp, Marie A. Caudill, Richard L. Canfield. Prenatal choline supplementation improves child sustained attention: A 7‐year follow‐up of a randomized controlled feeding trial. The FASEB Journal, 2021; 36 (1) DOI: 10.1096/fj.202101217R The study, which compared these children with those whose mothers had consumed the recommended amount of choline, … Read more