Study finds increased risk of dementia after hospitalization for major TBI

Journal Reference: Rahul Raj, Jaakko Kaprio, Pekka Jousilahti, Miikka Korja, Jari Siironen. Risk of Dementia After Hospitalization Due to Traumatic Brain Injury: A Longitudinal, Population-Based Study. Neurology, 2022 DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000200290 “Traumatic brain injury has been identified as a possible risk factor for dementia, and due to increasing numbers of people living with dementia, it is … Read more

Smoking increased in those trying to quit during COVID-19, study shows

Journal Reference: Maria C. Mejia, Roger Zoorob, Robert S. Levine, Xiaofan Huang, Charles H. Hennekens. Cross-Sectional Survey of Smoking Patterns During the COVID-19 Pandemic in a Tobacco Cessation and Lung Cancer Screening Program. Ochsner Journal, 2022; 22 (1): 48 DOI: 10.31486/toj.21.0082 Charles H. Hennekens, M.D., Dr.PH., senior author, first Sir Richard Doll Professor of Medicine … Read more

Giving increased during the pandemic in areas hit hardest by COVID-19

Journal Reference: Ariel Fridman, Rachel Gershon, Ayelet Gneezy. Increased generosity under COVID-19 threat. Scientific Reports, 2022; 12 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-08748-2 The findings reveal that during the study period from March to August of 2020, charitable giving increased in 78 percent of counties that experienced greater threat from COVID-19. Human services charities — organizations that help … Read more

Alternate delivery locations are viable options to offset negative impacts of increased home deliveries

Journal Reference: Woojung Kim, Xiaokun Cara Wang. The adoption of alternative delivery locations in New York City: Who and how far? Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 2022; 158: 127 DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2022.02.006 To counter these negative side effects, companies are exploring different options for getting packages to the people who ordered them. Alternative delivery … Read more

Study suggests association between consuming artificial sweeteners and increased cancer risk

Journal Reference: Charlotte Debras, Eloi Chazelas, Bernard Srour, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Younes Esseddik, Fabien Szabo de Edelenyi, Cédric Agaësse, Alexandre De Sa, Rebecca Lutchia, Stéphane Gigandet, Inge Huybrechts, Chantal Julia, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Benjamin Allès, Valentina A. Andreeva, Pilar Galan, Serge Hercberg, Mélanie Deschasaux-Tanguy, Mathilde Touvier. Artificial sweeteners and cancer risk: Results from the NutriNet-Santé population-based cohort … Read more

U.S. seafood workers at increased risk for COVID-19 during pandemic, research finds

Journal Reference: Easton R. White, Jill Levine, Amanda Moeser, Julie Sorensen. The direct and indirect effects of a global pandemic on US fishers and seafood workers. PeerJ, 2022; 10: e13007 DOI: 10.7717/peerj.13007 “The U.S. seafood industry was hit pretty hard, especially workers in high-density workplaces like seafood processing plants where social distancing was difficult,” said … Read more

Increased tree cover in savannas provides limited benefit in climate fight

Journal Reference: Zhou, Y., Singh, J., Butnor, J.R. et al. Limited increases in savanna carbon stocks over decades of fire suppression. Nature, 2022 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04438-1 “Increasing tree cover in savannas, whether via afforestation or fire suppression, is unlikely to yield the substantial gains in ecosystem carbon storage that have been advertised,” said Carla Staver, associate … Read more

People with serious mental illness may have increased heart disease risk at younger ages

Journal Reference: Rebecca C. Rossom, Stephanie A. Hooker, Patrick J. O’Connor, A. Lauren Crain, JoAnn M. Sperl‐Hillen. Cardiovascular Risk for Patients With and Without Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, or Bipolar Disorder. Journal of the American Heart Association, 2022; DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.121.021444 “Previous research has indicated that people diagnosed with a serious mental illness die 10-20 years earlier … Read more

Increased infectivity, antibody escape drive SARS-CoV-2 evolution, studies say

Journal References: Rui Wang, Jiahui Chen, Yuta Hozumi, Changchuan Yin, Guo-Wei Wei. Emerging Vaccine-Breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 Variants. ACS Infectious Diseases, 2022; DOI: 10.1021/acsinfecdis.1c00557 Jiahui Chen, Rui Wang, Nancy Benovich Gilby, Guo-Wei Wei. Omicron Variant (B.1.1.529): Infectivity, Vaccine Breakthrough, and Antibody Resistance. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 2022; 62 (2): 412 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jcim.1c01451 Understanding how SARS-CoV-2 … Read more

Anxiety and PTSD linked to increased myelin in brain’s gray matter

Journal Reference: Kimberly L. P. Long, Linda L. Chao, Yurika Kazama, Anjile An, Kelsey Y. Hu, Lior Peretz, Dyana C. Y. Muller, Vivian D. Roan, Rhea Misra, Claire E. Toth, Jocelyn M. Breton, William Casazza, Sara Mostafavi, Bertrand R. Huber, Steven H. Woodward, Thomas C. Neylan, Daniela Kaufer. Regional gray matter oligodendrocyte- and myelin-related measures … Read more