Powerful family of two-dimensional materials discovered

Journal Reference: Ahmad Majed, Manish Kothakonda, Fei Wang, Eric N. Tseng, Kaitlyn Prenger, Xiaodong Zhang, Per O.Å. Persson, Jiang Wei, Jianwei Sun, Michael Naguib. Transition Metal Carbo‐Chalcogenide “TMCC” a New Family of Two‐dimensional Materials. Advanced Materials, 2022; 2200574 DOI: 10.1002/adma.202200574 Led by Michael Naguib, an assistant professor in the Department of Physics and Engineering Physics, … Read more

New discovery in animal exoskeletons leads to advances in designing construction materials

Journal Reference: Wei Wang, Shu Jian Chen, Weiqiang Chen, Wenhui Duan, Jia Zie Lai, Kwesi Sagoe-Crentsil. Damage-tolerant material design motif derived from asymmetrical rotation. Nature Communications, 2022; 13 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-28991-5 In a paper published in Nature Communications, Professor Wenhui Duan from the Department of Civil Engineering at Monash University says the new pattern, adding … Read more

When a band falls flat: Searching for flatness in materials

Journal Reference: Nicolas Regnault, Yuanfeng Xu, Ming-Rui Li, Da-Shuai Ma, Milena Jovanovic, Ali Yazdani, Stuart S. P. Parkin, Claudia Felser, Leslie M. Schoop, N. Phuan Ong, Robert J. Cava, Luis Elcoro, Zhi-Da Song, B. Andrei Bernevig. Catalogue of flat-band stoichiometric materials. Nature, 2022; 603 (7903): 824 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04519-1 From now on, the creation of such … Read more

‘Self-driving’ lab speeds up analysis, synthesis of energy materials

Journal Reference: Fazel Bateni, Robert W. Epps, Kameel Antami, Rokas Dargis, Jeffery A. Bennett, Kristofer G. Reyes, Milad Abolhasani. Autonomous Nanocrystal Doping by Self‐Driving Fluidic Micro‐Processors. Advanced Intelligent Systems, 2022; 2200017 DOI: 10.1002/aisy.202200017 “We’ve created a self-driving laboratory that can be used to advance both fundamental nanoscience and applied engineering,” says Milad Abolhasani, corresponding author … Read more

New strategy for designing thermoelectric materials

Journal Reference: Isao Ohkubo, Takao Mori. Rational Design of 3d Transition-Metal Compounds for Thermoelectric Properties by Using Periodic Trends in Electron-Correlation Modulation. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2022; 144 (8): 3590 DOI: 10.1021/jacs.1c12520 Thermoelectric conversion is a viable means of harvesting energy to help achieve a low carbon economy and supply electricity to IoT … Read more

Novel theory of entropy may solve materials design issues

Journal Reference: Zi-Kui Liu, Yi Wang, Shun-Li Shang. Zentropy Theory for Positive and Negative Thermal Expansion. Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion, 2022; DOI: 10.1007/s11669-022-00942-z However, a team of Penn State researchers has come up with a theory to explain and then predict it: Zentropy. Zentropy is a play on entropy, a concept central to … Read more

Materials scientists finding solutions to biggest hurdle for solar cell technology

Journal Reference: Shaun Tan, Tianyi Huang, Ilhan Yavuz, Rui Wang, Tae Woong Yoon, Mingjie Xu, Qiyu Xing, Keonwoo Park, Do-Kyoung Lee, Chung-Hao Chen, Ran Zheng, Taegeun Yoon, Yepin Zhao, Hao-Cheng Wang, Dong Meng, Jingjing Xue, Young Jae Song, Xiaoqing Pan, Nam-Gyu Park, Jin-Wook Lee, Yang Yang. Stability-limiting heterointerfaces of perovskite photovoltaics. Nature, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04604-5 … Read more

Roadmap for finding new functional porous materials

Journal Reference: Jiyeon Kim, Wonyoung Choe. Topology-guided roadmap for reticular chemistry of metal-organic polyhedra. Chem, 2022; 8 (3): 617 DOI: 10.1016/j.chempr.2022.02.008 A research team, led by Professor Wonyoung Choe in the Department of Chemistry at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea, has made a major leap forward in revealing how future … Read more

Selecting the right structural materials for fusion reactors

Journal Reference: Masatoshi Kondo, Susumu Hatakeyama, Naoko Oono, Takashi Nozawa. Corrosion-resistant materials for liquid LiPb fusion blanket in elevated temperature operation. Corrosion Science, 2022; 197: 110070 DOI: 10.1016/j.corsci.2021.110070 Fusion reactors could be a powerful means of generating clean electricity and currently, several potential designs are being explored. In a fusion reactor, the fusion of two … Read more

Using raw materials more sustainably

Journal Reference: Yuanqing Wang, Frank Rosowski, Robert Schlögl, Annette Trunschke. Oxygen Exchange on Vanadium Pentoxide. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2022; 126 (7): 3443 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.2c00174 In the crystal structure of vanadium pentoxide, three different types of oxygen atoms are distinguished by how they link neighbouring vanadium atoms. The vibrational spectra of the oxide … Read more