Melting ice caps may not shut down ocean current

Journal Reference: Feng He, Peter U. Clark. Freshwater forcing of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation revisited. Nature Climate Change, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41558-022-01328-2 Climate scientists count the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (or AMOC) among the biggest tipping points on the way to a planetary climate disaster. The Atlantic Ocean current acts like a conveyor belt carrying … Read more

Scientists can predict carbon transfer in the ocean based on deep-diving tiny organisms

Journal Reference: Trang T. H. Nguyen, Emily J. Zakem, Ali Ebrahimi, Julia Schwartzman, Tolga Caglar, Kapil Amarnath, Uria Alcolombri, François J. Peaudecerf, Terence Hwa, Roman Stocker, Otto X. Cordero, Naomi M. Levine. Microbes contribute to setting the ocean carbon flux by altering the fate of sinking particulates. Nature Communications, 2022; 13 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-29297-2 A … Read more

Microscopic ocean predator with a taste for carbon capture

Journal Reference: Michaela E. Larsson, Anna R. Bramucci, Sinead Collins, Gustaaf Hallegraeff, Tim Kahlke, Jean-Baptiste Raina, Justin R. Seymour, Martina A. Doblin. Mucospheres produced by a mixotrophic protist impact ocean carbon cycling. Nature Communications, 2022; 13 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-28867-8 The microbe, abundant around the world, photosynthesises and releases a carbon-rich exopolymer that attracts and immobilises … Read more

Visible ocean plastics just the tip of the iceberg

Journal Reference: Atsuhiko Isobe, Shinsuke Iwasaki. The fate of missing ocean plastics: Are they just a marine environmental problem? Science of The Total Environment, 2022; 825: 153935 DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.153935 Seeking to simulate the fate of plastics that have made it into our oceans, a new study led by Kyushu University estimates that 25.3 million metric … Read more

CO2 could be stored below ocean floor

Journal Reference: M Fahed Qureshi, Junjie Zheng, Himanshu Khandelwal, Pradeep Venkataraman, Adam Usadi, Timothy A Barckholtz, Ashish B Mhadeshwar, Praveen Linga. Laboratory demonstration of the stability of CO2 hydrates in deep-oceanic sediments. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2022; 432: 134290 DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2021.134290 One potential solution that is drawing growing attention is to capture and store carbon dioxide … Read more

Pacific Ocean as the greatest theater of bird migration

Journal Reference: Theunis Piersma, Robert E Gill, Jr, Daniel R Ruthrauff, Christopher G Guglielmo, Jesse R Conklin, Colleen M Handel. The Pacific as the world’s greatest theater of bird migration: Extreme flights spark questions about physiological capabilities, behavior, and the evolution of migratory pathways. Ornithology, 2022 DOI: 10.1093/ornithology/ukab086 More efficiently than thought The biggest unknown … Read more

Internal ocean in small Saturn moon uncovered

Journal Reference: Alyssa Rose Rhoden, Matthew E. Walker. The case for an ocean-bearing Mimas from tidal heating analysis. Icarus, 2022; 376: 114872 DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2021.114872 “If Mimas has an ocean, it represents a new class of small, ‘stealth’ ocean worlds with surfaces that do not betray the ocean’s existence,” said SwRI’s Dr. Alyssa Rhoden, a specialist … Read more

Ocean physics explain cyclones on Jupiter

Journal Reference: Siegelman, L., Klein, P., Ingersoll, A.P. et al. Moist convection drives an upscale energy transfer at Jovian high latitudes. Nat. Phys., 2022 DOI: 10.1038/s41567-021-01458-y Lead author Lia Siegelman, a physical oceanographer and postdoctoral scholar at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego, decided to pursue the research after noticing … Read more

Ocean plastic is creating new communities of life on the high seas

Journal Reference: Linsey E. Haram, James T. Carlton, Luca Centurioni, Mary Crowley, Jan Hafner, Nikolai Maximenko, Cathryn Clarke Murray, Andrey Y. Shcherbina, Verena Hormann, Cynthia Wright, Gregory M. Ruiz. Emergence of a neopelagic community through the establishment of coastal species on the high seas. Nature Communications, 2021; 12 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-27188-6 “The issues of plastic … Read more

Meltwater influences ecosystems in the Arctic Ocean

Journal Reference: Wilken-Jon von Appen, Anya M. Waite, Melanie Bergmann, Christina Bienhold, Olaf Boebel, Astrid Bracher, Boris Cisewski, Jonas Hagemann, Mario Hoppema, Morten H. Iversen, Christian Konrad, Thomas Krumpen, Normen Lochthofen, Katja Metfies, Barbara Niehoff, Eva-Maria Nöthig, Autun Purser, Ian Salter, Matthias Schaber, Daniel Scholz, Thomas Soltwedel, Sinhue Torres-Valdes, Claudia Wekerle, Frank Wenzhöfer, Matthias Wietz, … Read more