New model predicts how geographic features influence evolutionary outcomes

Journal Reference: Michael J. Landis, Ignacio Quintero, Martha M. Muñoz, Felipe Zapata, Michael J. Donoghue. Phylogenetic inference of where species spread or split across barriers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2022; 119 (13) DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2116948119 “Geographical features influence evolutionary outcomes in predictable ways,” said Michael Landis, assistant professor of biology in Arts & … Read more

Study finds neurons that encode the outcomes of actions

Journal Reference: Bernard Bloem, Rafiq Huda, Ken-ichi Amemori, Alex S. Abate, Gayathri Krishna, Anna L. Wilson, Cody W. Carter, Mriganka Sur, Ann M. Graybiel. Multiplexed action-outcome representation by striatal striosome-matrix compartments detected with a mouse cost-benefit foraging task. Nature Communications, 2022; 13 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-28983-5 A new study from MIT sheds light on the part … Read more

Youngest brain tumor patients have significantly poorer outcomes than older pediatric patients

Journal Reference: Muriel Hart, Amy Anderson-Mellies, Alina Beltrami, Ahmed Gilani, Adam L. Green. Population-based analysis of CNS tumor diagnoses, treatment, and survival in congenital and infant age groups. Journal of Neuro-Oncology, 2022; DOI: 10.1007/s11060-022-03967-z In research findings recently published in the Journal of Neuro-Oncology, Adam Green, MD, an associate professor of pediatric hematology/oncology in the … Read more

AI to predict antidepressant outcomes in youth

Journal Reference: Arjun P. Athreya, Jennifer L. Vande Voort, Julia Shekunov, Sandra J. Rackley, Jarrod M. Leffler, Alastair J. McKean, Magdalena Romanowicz, Betsy D. Kennard, Graham J. Emslie, Taryn Mayes, Madhukar Trivedi, Liewei Wang, Richard M. Weinshilboum, William V. Bobo, Paul E. Croarkin. Evidence for machine learning guided early prediction of acute outcomes in the … Read more

Communities with higher levels of racial prejudice have worse health outcomes

Journal Reference: Eli K. Michaels, Christine Board, Mahasin S. Mujahid, Corinne A. Riddell, David H. Chae, Rucker C. Johnson, Amani M. Allen. Area-level racial prejudice and health: A systematic review.. Health Psychology, 2022; DOI: 10.1037/hea0001141 The researchers conducted a systematic review of fourteen papers that used data gathered from Google, Twitter and other big-data sources … Read more

Cohorting patient care model during pandemic improved patient outcomes, researchers find

Journal Reference: Zachary R. Bergman, Michael Usher, Andrew Olson, Jeffrey G. Chipman, Melissa E. Brunsvold, Greg Beilman, Christopher Tignanelli, Elizabeth R. Lusczek. Comparison of Outcomes and Process of Care for Patients Treated at Hospitals Dedicated for COVID-19 Care vs Other Hospitals. JAMA Network Open, 2022; 5 (3): e220873 DOI: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.0873 Called cohorting, this patient care … Read more

Timing of brain injury in being pregnant, birth may impact motor and language outcomes

Journal Reference: Alice Ramirez, Shabnam Peyvandi, Stephany Cox, Dawn Gano, Duan Xu, Olga Tymofiyeva, Patrick S. McQuillen. Neonatal brain injury influences structural connectivity and childhood functional outcomes. PLOS ONE, 2022; 17 (1): e0262310 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0262310 The study, published today in PLOS ONE and led by UCSF pediatrics, neurology and radiology researchers, used diffusion MRI to … Read more

Dietary fiber improves outcomes for melanoma patients on immunotherapy

Journal Reference: Christine N. Spencer, Jennifer L. McQuade, Vancheswaran Gopalakrishnan, John A. McCulloch, Marie Vetizou, Alexandria P. Cogdill, Md A. Wadud Khan, Xiaotao Zhang, Michael G. White, Christine B. Peterson, Matthew C. Wong, Golnaz Morad, Theresa Rodgers, Jonathan H. Badger, Beth A. Helmink, Miles C. Andrews, Richard R. Rodrigues, Andrey Morgun, Young S. Kim, Jason … Read more

‘The place does it damage?’ predicts chronic pain outcomes, study shows

Journal Reference: Benedict J. Alter, Nathan P. Anderson, Andrea G. Gillman, Qing Yin, Jong-Hyeon Jeong, Ajay D. Wasan. Hierarchical clustering by patient-reported pain distribution alone identifies distinct chronic pain subgroups differing by pain intensity, quality, and clinical outcomes. PLOS ONE, 2021; 16 (8): e0254862 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0254862 In clinical practice, the bodily distribution of chronic pain … Read more