Lunar soil has the potential to generate oxygen and fuel

Journal Reference: Yingfang Yao, Lu Wang, Xi Zhu, Wenguang Tu, Yong Zhou, Rulin Liu, Junchuan Sun, Bo Tao, Cheng Wang, Xiwen Yu, Linfeng Gao, Yuan Cao, Bing Wang, Zhaosheng Li, Wei Yao, Yujie Xiong, Mengfei Yang, Weihua Wang, Zhigang Zou. Extraterrestrial photosynthesis by Chang’E-5 lunar soil. Joule, 2022; DOI: 10.1016/j.joule.2022.04.011 Nanjing University material scientists Yingfang … Read more

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy shows promise for opioid addiction treatment

Journal Reference: Marian Wilson, Tamara Odom-Maryon, Karen Stanek, Trevor Roush, Joseph Muriungi, Alvina Jesse, Raymond M. Quock, Matthew Layton. Hyperbaric Oxygen to Assist Adults With Opioid Use Disorder in Reducing Methadone Dose. Journal of Addictions Nursing, 2022; 33 (1): 27 DOI: 10.1097/JAN.0000000000000447 The research team recruited participants enrolled in a local opioid treatment program to … Read more

Mild, oxygen turn waste plastics into useful benzoic acid

Journal Reference: Sewon Oh, Erin E. Stache. Chemical Upcycling of Commercial Polystyrene via Catalyst-Controlled Photooxidation. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2022; 144 (13): 5745 DOI: 10.1021/jacs.2c01411 Styrofoam egg cartons, hard plastic compact disc cases, red drinking cups and many other common products are composed of polystyrene, which makes up a third of landfill waste … Read more

Self-monitoring blood oxygen at home can help COVID patients spot early warning indicators, study finds

Journal Reference: Ahmed Alboksmaty, Thomas Beaney, Sarah Elkin, Jonathan M Clarke, Ara Darzi, Paul Aylin, Ana-Luísa Neves. Effectiveness and safety of pulse oximetry in remote patient monitoring of patients with COVID-19: a systematic review. The Lancet Digital Health, 2022; 4 (4): e279 DOI: 10.1016/S2589-7500(21)00276-4 Pulse oximeters are widely available, low-cost devices that shine light through … Read more

Comet 67P’s abundant oxygen more of an phantasm, new study suggests

Journal Reference: Adrienn Luspay-Kuti, Olivier Mousis, Françoise Pauzat, Ozge Ozgurel, Yves Ellinger, Jonathan I. Lunine, Stephen A. Fuselier, Kathleen E. Mandt, Karlheinz J. Trattner, Steven M. Petrinec. Dual storage and release of molecular oxygen in comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko. Nature Astronomy, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41550-022-01614-1 A new analysis, however, led by planetary scientist Adrienn Luspay-Kuti at the Johns … Read more

A new, inexpensive catalyst speeds the production of oxygen from water

Journal Reference: Shuai Yuan, Jiayu Peng, Bin Cai, Zhehao Huang, Angel T. Garcia-Esparza, Dimosthenis Sokaras, Yirui Zhang, Livia Giordano, Karthik Akkiraju, Yun Guang Zhu, René Hübner, Xiaodong Zou, Yuriy Román-Leshkov, Yang Shao-Horn. Tunable metal hydroxide–organic frameworks for catalysing oxygen evolution. Nature Materials, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41563-022-01199-0 Now, researchers at MIT and elsewhere have developed an entirely … Read more

Microbes produce oxygen in the dark

Journal Reference: Beate Kraft, Nico Jehmlich, Morten Larsen, Laura A. Bristow, Martin Könneke, Bo Thamdrup, Donald E. Canfield. Oxygen and nitrogen production by an ammonia-oxidizing archaeon. Science, 2022; 375 (6576): 97 DOI: 10.1126/science.abe6733 The study is led by Beate Kraft and Donald E. Canfield from University of Southern Denmark and published in the journal Science. … Read more

New research questions ‘whiff of oxygen’ in Earth’s early history

Journal Reference: Sarah P. Slotznick, Jena E. Johnson, Birger Rasmussen, Timothy D. Raub, Samuel M. Webb, Jian-Wei Zi, Joseph L. Kirschvink, Woodward W. Fischer. Reexamination of 2.5-Ga “whiff” of oxygen interval points to anoxic ocean before GOE. Science Advances, 2022; 8 (1) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abj7190 The result rewinds previous research findings that atmospheric oxygen existed prior … Read more

Air bubbles in Antarctic ice point to cause of oxygen decline

Journal Reference: Yuzhen Yan, Edward J. Brook, Andrei V. Kurbatov, Jeffrey P. Severinghaus, John A. Higgins. Ice core evidence for atmospheric oxygen decline since the Mid-Pleistocene transition. Science Advances, 2021; 7 (51) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abj9341 “We know atmospheric oxygen levels began declining slightly in the late Pleistocene, and it looks like glaciers might have something to … Read more