Astrophysical plasma study benefits from new soft X-ray transition energies benchmark

Journal Reference: J. Stierhof, S. Kühn, M. Winter, P. Micke, R. Steinbrügge, C. Shah, N. Hell, M. Bissinger, M. Hirsch, R. Ballhausen, M. Lang, C. Gräfe, S. Wipf, R. Cumbee, G. L. Betancourt-Martinez, S. Park, J. Niskanen, M. Chung, F. S. Porter, T. Stöhlker, T. Pfeifer, G. V. Brown, S. Bernitt, P. Hansmann, J. Wilms, … Read more

Plasma turbulence spreading by magnetic fluctuation reduces heat load on a fusion device wall

Journal Reference: M. Kobayashi, K. Tanaka, K. Ida, Y. Hayashi, Y. Takemura, T. Kinoshita. Turbulence Spreading into an Edge Stochastic Magnetic Layer Induced by Magnetic Fluctuation and Its Impact on Divertor Heat Load. Physical Review Letters, 2022; 128 (12) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.128.125001 To achieve fusion power generation, it is necessary to confine the plasma in a … Read more

Plasma biomarker screening could improve accuracy, health equity in Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis

Journal Reference: Joseph S. Reddy, Jiangli Jin, Sarah J. Lincoln, Charlotte C.G. Ho, Julia E. Crook, Xue Wang, Kimberly G. Malphrus, Thuy Nguyen, Nikoleta Tamvaka, Maria T. Greig-Custo, John A. Lucas, Neill R. Graff-Radford, Nilüfer Ertekin-Taner, Minerva M. Carrasquillo. Transcript levels in plasma contribute substantial predictive value as potential Alzheimer’s disease biomarkers in African Americans. … Read more

Self-sustained divertor oscillation mechanism identified in fusion plasma experiment

Journal Reference: T. Kobayashi, M. Kobayashi, Y. Narushima, Y. Suzuki, K. Y. Watanabe, K. Mukai, Y. Hayashi. Self-Sustained Divertor Oscillation Driven by Magnetic Island Dynamics in Torus Plasma. Physical Review Letters, 2022; 128 (8) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.128.085001 Their report was made available online Feb. 1, ahead of publication in Physical Review Letters. “It is necessary to reduce … Read more

Plasma accelerators recover in a FLASH

Journal Reference: R. D’Arcy, J. Chappell, J. Beinortaite, S. Diederichs, G. Boyle, B. Foster, M. J. Garland, P. Gonzalez Caminal, C. A. Lindstrøm, G. Loisch, S. Schreiber, S. Schröder, R. J. Shalloo, M. Thévenet, S. Wesch, M. Wing, J. Osterhoff. Recovery time of a plasma-wakefield accelerator. Nature, 2022; 603 (7899): 58 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-04348-8 Plasma acceleration … Read more

Fabrication of flexible electronics improved using gold and water-vapor plasma

Journal Reference: Masahito Takakuwa, Kenjiro Fukuda, Tomoyuki Yokota, Daishi Inoue, Daisuke Hashizume, Shinjiro Umezu, Takao Someya. Direct gold bonding for flexible integrated electronics. Science Advances, 2021; 7 (52) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abl6228 As electronic devices get smaller and smaller, and the desire to have bendable, wearable, and on-skin electronics increases, conventional methods of constructing these devices have … Read more

How plasma swirling around black holes can produce heat and light

Journal Reference: Jarrett Rosenberg, Fatima Ebrahimi. Onset of Plasmoid Reconnection during Magnetorotational Instability. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 2021; 920 (2): L29 DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ac2b2e Plasma, known as the fourth state of matter, comprises free-floating electrons and atomic nuclei, or ions, and makes up 99 percent of the visible universe. In addition to studying the astrophysical properties … Read more