New approach better predicts air pollution fashions’ performance in health studies

Journal Reference: Jenna R. Krall, Joshua P. Keller, Roger D. Peng. Assessing the health estimation capacity of air pollution exposure prediction models. Environmental Health, 2022; 21 (1) DOI: 10.1186/s12940-022-00844-0 A new study from Jenna Krall, assistant professor of the Department of Global and Community Health, develops a new approach to aid air quality modelers in … Read more

AI predicts if — and when — someone will have cardiac arrest

Journal Reference: Dan M. Popescu, Julie K. Shade, Changxin Lai, Konstantinos N. Aronis, David Ouyang, M. Vinayaga Moorthy, Nancy R. Cook, Daniel C. Lee, Alan Kadish, Christine M. Albert, Katherine C. Wu, Mauro Maggioni, Natalia A. Trayanova. Arrhythmic sudden death survival prediction using deep learning analysis of scarring in the heart. Nature Cardiovascular Research, 2022; … Read more

New model predicts how geographic features influence evolutionary outcomes

Journal Reference: Michael J. Landis, Ignacio Quintero, Martha M. Muñoz, Felipe Zapata, Michael J. Donoghue. Phylogenetic inference of where species spread or split across barriers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2022; 119 (13) DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2116948119 “Geographical features influence evolutionary outcomes in predictable ways,” said Michael Landis, assistant professor of biology in Arts & … Read more

Damage to inner ear system predicts fall risk among people with Alzheimer’s disease

Journal Reference: Kevin Biju, Esther Oh, Paul Rosenberg, Qian-Li Xue, Paul Dash, M. Haroon Burhanullah, Yuri Agrawal. Vestibular Function Predicts Balance and Fall Risk in Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, 2022; 1 DOI: 10.3233/JAD-215366 Overall, the researchers say, their study found that impairment of the vestibular system was linked to a 50% … Read more

Artificial intelligence accurately predicts who will develop dementia in two years

Journal Reference: Charlotte James, Janice M. Ranson, Richard Everson, David J. Llewellyn. Performance of Machine Learning Algorithms for Predicting Progression to Dementia in Memory Clinic Patients. JAMA Network Open, 2021; 4 (12): e2136553 DOI: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.36553 Using data from more than 15,300 patients in the US, research from the University of Exeter found that a form … Read more

‘The place does it damage?’ predicts chronic pain outcomes, study shows

Journal Reference: Benedict J. Alter, Nathan P. Anderson, Andrea G. Gillman, Qing Yin, Jong-Hyeon Jeong, Ajay D. Wasan. Hierarchical clustering by patient-reported pain distribution alone identifies distinct chronic pain subgroups differing by pain intensity, quality, and clinical outcomes. PLOS ONE, 2021; 16 (8): e0254862 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0254862 In clinical practice, the bodily distribution of chronic pain … Read more