Researchers reveal the origin story for carbon-12, a building block for life

Journal Reference: T. Otsuka, T. Abe, T. Yoshida, Y. Tsunoda, N. Shimizu, N. Itagaki, Y. Utsuno, J. Vary, P. Maris, H. Ueno. α-Clustering in atomic nuclei from first principles with statistical learning and the Hoyle state character. Nature Communications, 2022; 13 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-29582-0 The researchers’ fundamental question: “How does the cosmos produce carbon-12?” said … Read more

Researchers create miniature wide-angle camera with flat metalenses

Journal Reference: Ji Chen, Xin Ye, Shenglun Gao, Yuxin Chen, Yunwei Zhao, Chunyu Huang, Kai Qiu, Shining Zhu, Tao Li. A planar wide-angle-imaging camera enabled by metalens array. Optica, 2022; DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.446063 Tao Li and colleagues from Nanjing University in China report their new ultrathin camera in Optica, Optica Publishing Group’s journal for high-impact research. … Read more

Researchers find way to form diodes from superconductors

Journal Reference: E. Strambini, M. Spies, N. Ligato, S. Ilić, M. Rouco, Carmen González-Orellana, Maxim Ilyn, Celia Rogero, F. S. Bergeret, J. S. Moodera, P. Virtanen, T. T. Heikkilä, F. Giazotto. Superconducting spintronic tunnel diode. Nature Communications, 2022; 13 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-29990-2 These novel superconductor diodes, however, operate at much lower temperatures than their semiconductor … Read more

Researchers now able to predict battery lifetimes with machine learning

Journal Reference: Noah H. Paulson, Joseph Kubal, Logan Ward, Saurabh Saxena, Wenquan Lu, Susan J. Babinec. Feature engineering for machine learning enabled early prediction of battery lifetime. Journal of Power Sources, 2022; 527: 231127 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2022.231127 Imagine a psychic telling your parents, on the day you were born, how long you would live. A similar … Read more

Researchers discover overlooked Jurassic Park of lizards

Journal Reference: Arnau Bolet, Thomas L Stubbs, Jorge A Herrera-Flores, Michael J Benton. The Jurassic rise of squamates as supported by lepidosaur disparity and evolutionary rates. eLife, 2022; 11 DOI: 10.7554/eLife.66511 The Squamata is the largest order of reptiles, including lizards, snakes and worm lizards. Squamates are all cold-blooded, and their skins are covered by … Read more

Researchers create flat magic window with liquid crystals

Journal Reference: Felix Hufnagel, Alessio D’Errico, Hugo Larocque, Fatimah Alsaiari, Jeremy Upham, Ebrahim Karimi. Flat magic window. Optica, 2022; 9 (5): 479 DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.454293 Thousands of years ago, artisans in China and Japan made bronze mirrors that looked like a normal flat mirror while viewing one’s reflection but formed another image when hit by direct … Read more

Hidden profit: Facemasks may reduce severity of COVID-19 and pressure on health techniques, researchers find

Journal Reference: Zachary Levine, David J. D. Earn. Face masking and COVID-19: potential effects of variolation on transmission dynamics. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 2022; 19 (190) DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2021.0781 For the study, the researchers developed a model to investigate COVID-19 “variolation” — an incidental but potentially beneficial form of immunization achieved by inhaling smaller … Read more

Researchers generate high-quality quantum light with modular waveguide device

Journal Reference: Kan Takase, Akito Kawasaki, Byung Kyu Jeong, Mamoru Endo, Takahiro Kashiwazaki, Takushi Kazama, Koji Enbutsu, Kei Watanabe, Takeshi Umeki, Shigehito Miki, Hirotaka Terai, Masahiro Yabuno, Fumihiro China, Warit Asavanant, Jun-ichi Yoshikawa, Akira Furusawa. Generation of Schrödinger cat states with Wigner negativity using a continuous-wave low-loss waveguide optical parametric amplifier. Optics Express, 2022; 30 … Read more

Researchers identify a new treatment for metabolic syndrome

Journal Reference: Ila Mishra, Wei Rose Xie, Juan C. Bournat, Yang He, Chunmei Wang, Elizabeth Sabath Silva, Hailan Liu, Zhiqiang Ku, Yinghua Chen, Bernadette O. Erokwu, Peilin Jia, Zhongming Zhao, Zhiqiang An, Chris A. Flask, Yanlin He, Yong Xu, Atul R. Chopra. Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor δ serves as the orexigenic asprosin receptor. Cell Metabolism, … Read more

Researchers adapt technology made for astronomical observations to biomedical imaging

Journal Reference: Atsushi Yagishita, Shin’ichiro Takeda, Miho Katsuragawa, Tenyo Kawamura, Hideaki Matsumura, Tadashi Orita, Izumi O. Umeda, Goro Yabu, Pietro Caradonna, Tadayuki Takahashi, Shin Watanabe, Yousuke Kanayama, Hiroshi Mizuma, Kazunobu Ohnuki, Hirofumi Fujii. Simultaneous visualization of multiple radionuclides in vivo. Nature Biomedical Engineering, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41551-022-00866-6 Currently, fluorescent tracers are used to image the distribution … Read more