Scientists show how to store liquid fuels in polymeric gels to prevent explosions and fires

Journal Reference: Naoki Hosoya, Kazuki Nishiguchi, Hiroyasu Saito, Shingo Maeda. Chemically cross-linked gel storage for fuel to realize evaporation suppression. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2022; 444: 136506 DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2022.136506 One common hazard when dealing with liquid fuels is that they can evaporate quickly if given space, producing clouds of highly flammable gases. As one might expect, … Read more

Scientists advance renewable hydrogen production method

Journal Reference: Zhiwen Ma, Patrick Davenport, Genevieve Saur. System and technoeconomic analysis of solar thermochemical hydrogen production. Renewable Energy, 2022; 190: 294 DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2022.03.108 Hydrogen has emerged as an important carrier to store energy generated by renewable resources, as a substitute for fossil fuels used for transportation, in the production of ammonia, and for other … Read more

Scientists demonstrate that some tropical plants have potential to remove toxic heavy metals from the soil

Journal Reference: Yamin Wang, Swee Ngin Tan, Mohamed Lokman Mohd Yusof, Subhadip Ghosh, Yeng Ming Lam. Assessment of heavy metal and metalloid levels and screening potential of tropical plant species for phytoremediation in Singapore. Environmental Pollution, 2022; 295: 118681 DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2021.118681 Phytoremediation is the use of plants to extract and store contaminants from soil. As … Read more

Scientists crack egg forging evolutionary puzzle

Journal Reference: Claire N. Spottiswoode, Wenfei Tong, Gabriel A. Jamie, Katherine F. Stryjewski, Jeffrey M. DaCosta, Evan R. Kuras, Ailsa Green, Silky Hamama, Ian G. Taylor, Collins Moya, and Michael D. Sorenson. Genetic architecture facilitates then constrains adaptation in a host–parasite coevolutionary arms race. PNAS, April 11, 2022 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2121752119 Around the world, many birds … Read more

Scientists unveil the format of working memory

Journal Reference: Yuna Kwak, Clayton E. Curtis. Unveiling the abstract format of mnemonic representations. Neuron, 2022; DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2022.03.016 “For decades researchers have wondered about the nature of the neural representations that support our working memory,” explains Clayton Curtis, professor of psychology and neural science at New York University and the senior author of the paper, … Read more

Global team of scientists determine ‘fingerprint’ for how much warmth, drought is too much for forests

Journal Reference: William M. Hammond, A. Park Williams, John T. Abatzoglou, Henry D. Adams, Tamir Klein, Rosana López, Cuauhtémoc Sáenz-Romero, Henrik Hartmann, David D. Breshears, Craig D. Allen. Global field observations of tree die-off reveal hotter-drought fingerprint for Earth’s forests. Nature Communications, 2022; 13 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-29289-2 Just published in the journal Nature Communications, the … Read more

Physiological signals could be the key to ’emotionally clever’ AI, scientists say

Journal Reference: Shun Katada, Shogo Okada, Kazunori Komatani. Effects of Physiological Signals in Different Types of Multimodal Sentiment Estimation. IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 2022; 1 DOI: 10.1109/TAFFC.2022.3155604 “Multimodal sentiment analysis” is a group of methods that constitute the gold standard for an AI dialog system with sentiment detection. These methods can automatically analyze a … Read more

Scientists connect the dots between Galilean moon, auroral emissions on Jupiter

Journal Reference: V. Hue, J. R. Szalay, T. K. Greathouse, B. Bonfond, S. Kotsiaros, C. K. Louis, A. H. Sulaiman, G. Clark, F. Allegrini, G. R. Gladstone, C. Paranicas, M. H. Versteeg, A. Mura, A. Moirano, D. J. Gershman, S. J. Bolton, J. E. P. Connerney, M. W. Davis, R. W. Ebert, J.‐C. Gérard, R. … Read more

Scientists develop environmentally secure, frost-resistant coatings

Journal Reference: Rukmava Chatterjee, Hassan Bararnia, Sushant Anand. A family of frost‐resistant and icephobic coatings. Advanced Materials, 2022; 2109930 DOI: 10.1002/adma.202109930 In an endeavor to make a more efficient product immune to ice for such demanding industries and consumers, Sushant Anand, UIC assistant professor of mechanical engineering, and Rukmava Chatterjee, a UIC Ph.D. student, have … Read more

Forensic scientists improve touch DNA collection methods

Journal Reference: Todd Kaesler, K. Paul Kirkbride, Adrian Linacre. DNA deposited in whole thumbprints: A reproducibility study. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 2022; 58: 102683 DOI: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2022.102683 The South Australian forensic science researchers are building a suite of new insights into crime scene investigation — including the difference between high, intermediate and low skin ‘shedders’ that … Read more